Unit 2 Downloads:
ACP World History: Unit 2
In this unit we will be covering the following standards. Make sure that you know and can give the historical significance of all key terms in red.
SSWH3 The student will examine the political, philosophical, and cultural interaction of
Classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE.
a. Compare the origins and structure of the Greek polis, the Roman Republic, and the Roman
b. Identify the ideas and impact of important individuals; include Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
and describe the diffusion of Greek culture by Aristotle’s pupil Alexander the Great and the
impact of Julius and Augustus Caesar.
c. Analyze the contributions of Hellenistic and Roman culture; include law, gender, and science.
d. Describe polytheism in the Greek and Roman world and the origins and diffusion of
Christianity in the Roman world.
e. Analyze the factors that led to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires between 450 CE and 1500 CE.
a. Analyze the importance of Justinian, include the influence of the Empress Theodora, Justinian’s Code, and Justinian’s efforts to recapture the west.
b. Describe the relationship between the Roman and Byzantine Empires; include the impact
Byzantium had on Moscow and the Russian Empire, the effect of Byzantine culture on Tsar
Ivan III and Kiev, and the rise of Constantinople as a center for law, religion, and the arts.
c. Explain the Great Schism of 1054 CE.
d. Analyze the spread of the Mongol Empire; include the role of Chinggis (Genghis) Khan in
developing the empire, the impact of the Mongols on Russia, China and the West, the
development of trade, and European observations through the writings of Marco Polo.
e. Explain the Ottoman Empire’s role in the decline of Byzantium and the capture of
Constantinople in 1453 CE.
SSWH5 The student will trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE.
a. Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic Empire.
b. Identify the Muslim trade routes to India, China, Europe, and Africa and assess the economic
impact of this trade.
c. Explain the reasons for the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims.
d. Identify the contributions of Islamic scholars in medicine (Ibn Sina) and geography (Ibn
e. Describe the impact of the Crusades on both the Islamic World and Europe.
f. Analyze the relationship between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before 1800 CE.
a. Identify the Bantu migration patterns and contribution to settled agriculture.
b. Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai);
include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.
c. Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves;
include the Swahili trading cities.
d. Analyze the process of religious syncretism as a blending of traditional African beliefs with
new ideas from Islam and Christianity.
e. Analyze the role of geography and the distribution of resources played in the development of
trans-Saharan trading networks.